With three new natural areas declared, Spain becomes the second country in the world with more biosphere reserves, after announcing announcing yesterday 28 May 2013, the incorporation of La Granja and Espinar, in the Sierra de Guadarrama (Segovia), them Coruñesas Marine and Land Mandeo, Galicia, and the Ebro, in Catalonia.
With this decision, taken within the United Nations Organization for Education, Science and Culture (Unesco) by the International Coordinating Council of UNESCO's Man and the Biosphere (MAB), Spain ahead of Russia in the world rankings, tener in total 45 areas declared as biosphere reserve, only behind the United States, which has two more.
La Granja and El Espinar covers 35.414 hectares, houses a population of about 14.000 people and is located in the province of Segovia, a 50 kilometers north of Madrid. She belongs Valsaín Mountain, that is one of the large wooded areas of the country, and that “of considerable ecological value while, economic, aesthetic and social”, Unesco has declared.
Las Coruñesas Marine and Land Mandeo, meanwhile, covers about 116.000 hectares, has a population of about 190.000 inhabitants and encompasses two major river basins, Grouper and Mandaean, with coastal and mountain ecosystems that are home to a rich biodiversity. It has a great cultural diversity linked to the use of natural resources, what has made it possible, according to UNESCO, “maintenance of communities and conservation of indigenous breeds of cattle“.
About the Ebro, the organization stressed that this reserve Catalan, of 367.729 hectares, has a population of 190.000 inhabitants and covers the delta Ebro Basin, the largest river in Spain.
The area has “numerous interior and coastal ecosystems”, said the organization.
The Spanish of the biosphere reserves include such prominent places as Ordesa-Viñamala, the islands of Lanzarote, Menorca and El Hierro, the Sierras de Cazorla and Segura, Monfragüe Park, Picos de Europa, Sierra Nevada and the Upper Basin of the Manzanares, not forgetting Doñana and Urdaibai.
Biosphere reserves are places where, in consultation with local populations, innovative practices are experienced in reconciling human activities and environmental conservation, according to UNESCO.
Activities in these areas are concentrated in particular ecosystems: mountains, rainforest, urban systems, wetlands, islands or coastal and marine areas.
Launched in early 70, the program on Man and the Biosphere favors interdisciplinary research, encourages capacity building and its main objectives to reduce the loss of biodiversity and ecological aspects dealing, social and economic, according to UNESCO.
Article extracted from RTVE
Photo extracted from www.ciudadespatrimonio.org